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An Approach to Web Services Non-Functional Requirements Using WSDL Annotations

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Joined: 2003-06-09

Web Services play a key role in implementing Service Oriented Architecture (SOA). The notion of describing the service independent of the technology in which it has been implemented has been robustly captured in the Web Services Definition Language (WSDL) Specification. WSDL clearly specifies the service location along with the operations that need to be invoked, the parameters that need to be passed, the data type of each parameter, and the various message formats and types. WSDL describes both Document and RPC Style web services as explicitly as possible.

However, in most of the SOAP engines implemented by various vendors, the WSDL generation for a service is done automatically, when the service is deployed. This gives minimal freedom to the developer to customize the WSDL as per his/her needs during deployment of the service. But in terms of RPC services the amount of information given by WSDL is more than sufficient for the client to consume the service. But Basic Profile published by WS-I recommends the use of document style web service for maximum interoperability between service providers and the service consumers. This resulted in defining robust message exchanges with the help of XML schema. The XML schema that the input and output messages are based on is embedded into the WSDL, so that WSDL contains the complete information to facilitate dynamic discovery and invocation of the service. Hence the WSDL generated by the SOAP engines need to be customized to include the Schema information.